Bull Spread Calculator


This strategy is especially appropriate to accumulate high-quality stocks at cheap prices when there is a sudden bout of volatility but the underlying trend is still upward. A bull put spread is akin to “buying the dips,” with the added bonus of receiving premium income in the bargain. One disastrous trade can wipe out positive results from many successful option trades. In fact, option writers are occasionally disparagingly referred to as individuals who stoop to collect pennies on the railway track. They happily do so—until a train comes along and runs them over. The following formulas show the bear put maximum loss , bear put maximum potential profit , and the breakeven price .

bull put spread

After the strategy is established, the effect of implied volatility depends on where the stock is relative to your strike prices. The breakeven for a bull call spread is the lower strike price plus the cost of the trade. A bull spread is a bullish options strategy using either two puts, or two calls with the same underlying asset and expiration. Consider using a bear put spread when a moderate to significant downside is expected in a stock or index and volatility is rising.

Your maximum loss is capped at the price you pay for the option. As we did with the credit put spread, let’s examine five different price scenarios, in light of the chart above, to draw a clearer picture of how a credit call spread can work. We’ll assume that once this spread is established, it’s held until expiration. However, since you brought in $1,500 when the spread was established, your net loss is zero.


In percentage terms, the https://topforexnews.org/ call spread is 30% cheaper than purchasing only the call option. Whether the stock falls to $5 or $50 a share, the call option holder will only lose the amount they paid for the option spread ($42). A bull call consists of a long call and a short call, and profits when the underlying security price rises. A bull put consists of a long put and a short put, and profits when the underlying security price rises.

Iron Condor Pin Risk: A Naked Short at Expiration

Similar to the other bear vertical spread options, you have limited loss potential at the upside and limited profit at the downside. An options trader executes a long call butterfly by purchasing a JUL 30 call for $1100, writing two JUL 40 calls for $400 each and purchasing another JUL 50 call for $100. The net debit taken to enter the position is $400, which is also his maximum possible loss. Spread and uncovered options strategies involve potential for unlimited risk, and must be done in margin accounts. For more information please refer to your account agreement and theMargin Risk Disclosure Statement.

The following factors may assist in coming up with an appropriate options/spread strategy for the current conditions and your outlook. Mr. Pines has traded on the NYSE, CBOE and Pacific Stock Exchange. In 2011, Mr. Pines started his own consulting firm through which he advises law firms and investment professionals on issues related to trading, and derivatives. Lawrence has served as an expert witness in a number of high profile trials in US Federal and international courts.


However, because you brought in $1,500 when the spread was established, your net gain is the entire $1,500. This maximum profit of $1,500 will occur at all prices above $70. When trading vertical options spreads, the maximum risk and profit potential are defined and relatively straightforward to calculate. The following section will cover examples for the four vertical spread option strategies in our options spread calculator.

Volatility is a measure of how much a stock price fluctuates in percentage terms, and volatility is a factor in option prices. As volatility rises, option prices tend to rise if other factors such as stock price and time to expiration remain constant. Since a bull put spread consists of one short put and one long put, the price of a bull put spread changes very little when volatility changes and other factors remain constant. In the language of options, this is a “near-zero vega.” Vega estimates how much an option price changes as the level of volatility changes and other factors are unchanged.

Investment Accounts

Your short 70 puts won’t be assigned, because they’re out of the money as well. Clicking this link takes you outside the TD Ameritrade website to a web site controlled by third-party, a separate but affiliated company. TD Ameritrade is not responsible for the content or services this website. After that we’ll take it one step further and show you how to choose your trade size by looking at a trade’s risk parameters in the context of your overall portfolio risk.


Therefore, this spread is only advantageous over uncovered puts if XYZ drops below $64.50. Review the Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options brochure before you begin trading options. Options investors may lose the entire amount of their investment in a relatively short period of time. The table above outlined whether the bought option is above or below the strike price of the written option. Which strike prices are used is dependent on the trader’s outlook. A bull vertical spread profits when the underlying price rises; a bear vertical spread profits when it falls.

Market Hours

While the long put in a bull put spread has no risk of early assignment, the short put does have such risk. Early assignment of stock options is generally related to dividends, and short puts that are assigned early are generally assigned on the ex-dividend date. In-the-money puts whose time value is less than the dividend have a high likelihood of being assigned.

Consider using a https://en.forexbrokerslist.site/ call spread when calls are expensive due to elevated volatility and you expect moderate upside rather than huge gains. This scenario is typically seen in the latter stages of a bull market, when stocks are nearing a peak and gains are harder to achieve. A bull call spread can also be effective for a stock that has great long-term potential but elevated volatility due to a recent plunge. In a vertical spread, an individual simultaneously purchases one option and sells another at a higher strike price using both calls or both puts. The second advantage/disadvantage of a bull call spread is that this strategy considers the reality and probabilities of a potential move. Theoretically, buying a call strategy has unlimited profit potential.

  • Yet to deploy these strategies effectively, you also need to develop an understanding of which option spread to use in a given trading environment or specific stock situation.
  • A long call spread gives you the right to buy stock at strike price A and obligates you to sell the stock at strike price B if assigned.
  • However, since you brought in $1,500 when the spread was established, your net loss is zero.
  • If you had sold the May 75 calls uncovered, you would have initially brought in $2,000 rather than $1,500.

A butterfly spread is a financial strategy that combines both bull and bear spreads together to create an investment that has a fixed risk but also a maximum profit. Search a symbol to visualize the potential profit and loss for a bull put spread option strategy. Search a symbol to visualize the potential profit and loss for a bull call spread option strategy. Maximum loss results when the stock is trading below $30 or above $50. Above $50, any “profit” from the two long calls will be neutralised by the “loss” from the two short calls.

The https://forex-trend.net/er profits if the call expires out of the money because they would keep your premium. The butterfly spread belongs to a family of spreads called wingspreads whose members are named after a myriad of flying creatures. Learn about the risk of the iron condor pin, why it happens, and what traders can do to best avoid a naked short at expiration. At the same time, your short 75 calls will be assigned, and you’ll be required to sell 1,000 shares of XYZ for $75,000.

A debit spread option strategy occurs when what you pay for the long position is higher than what you receive for being short. The bull call spread and the bear put spread are the two strategies that produce such a situation. The sale of an uncovered call option is a bearish trade that can be used when you expect an underlying security or index to move downward. The goal usually is to generate income when the uncovered call option is sold, and then wait until the option expires worthless.

Momentum Trading

To learn more about bull call spread option strategy click here. Before taking a spread trade, consider what is being given up or gained by choosing different strike prices. Consider the probabilities that the maximum gain will be attained or that the maximum loss will be taken. Based on the above, if you are modestly bearish, think volatility is rising, and prefer to limit your risk, then the best strategy would be a bear put spread. Conversely, if you are moderately bullish, think volatility is falling, and are comfortable with the risk-reward payoff of writing options, then you should opt for a bull put spread.

At this price, only the lower striking call expires in the money. Because a spread requires two options, the trade fee costs to establish and/or close out a credit spread will be higher than those for a single uncovered position. To summarize, credit spreads have both advantages and disadvantages compared to selling uncovered options.

Instead, the one who is short in the put earns money if the option contract expires out of the money. You can then close out your short position by purchasing 1,000 shares of XYZ at a cost of $76,000. You can then close out your short position by purchasing 1,000 shares of XYZ at a cost of $76,500. A credit call spread can be used in place of an outright sale of uncovered call options. A credit put spread can be used in place of an outright sale of uncovered put options. Once you know your risk per contract on a vertical spread, you need to determine how much you’re willing to risk on the trade.

Writing naked or uncovered calls is among the riskiest option strategies, since the potential loss if the trade goes awry is theoretically unlimited. Writing puts is comparatively less risky, but an aggressive trader who has written puts on numerous stocks would be stuck with a large number of pricey stocks in a sudden market crash. Credit spreads mitigate this risk, although the cost of this risk mitigation is a lower amount of option premium.

This maximum loss is the difference between the strike prices on the two options, minus the amount you were credited when the position was established. A credit spread option strategy is where the premium received by being short in the contract is more significant than the price paid for being long. The two vertical spread options strategies with net credit spread are the bull put spread and bear call spread. Abear put spreadis purchasing a put option, and simultaneously selling another put option with the same expiration date but a lower strike price. Abear call spreadis selling a call option, and simultaneously purchasing another call option with the same expiration date but at a higher strike price. Abull put spreadiswritinga put option, and simultaneously purchasing another put option with the same expiration date but a lower strike price.